Estudios gratuitos para la detección de cataratas

El Servicio de Oftalmología del Hospital de Clínicas realizará entre el 7 y el 9 de septiembre estudios en forma gratuita a personas que presenten signos de pérdida de agudeza visual para detectar cataratas, la principal causa de ceguera tratable en el mundo.

“Es importante hablar de las cataratas ya que son la principal causa de ceguera tratable en el mundo. Generalmente los primeros síntomas están relacionados a la visión borrosa o doble de las cosas y a tener dificultades para ver tanto de día como de noche“, resaltó la doctora Daniela Contartese de la División Oftalmología del porteño Hospital de Clínicas.

La especialista explicó que “las cataratas ocurren cuando el cristalino, la lente natural del ojo, pierde su transparencia con el transcurso del tiempo o en forma acelerada por otras enfermedades”.

Sus principales síntomas son: disminución de la visión, dificultad para ver en ambientes muy iluminados o a plena luz del día, encandilamiento, ver doble o fantasma por el ojo con cataratas y también ver los colores brillantes atenuados o amarillentos.

Si bien la mayoría de las cataratas por la edad se desarrollan gradualmente, existen otros casos en que se puede desarrollar más rápidamente, como en personas más jóvenes o con diabetes.

Según la OMS, alrededor de 18 millones de personas en el mundo padecen de cataratas.

“Por eso, resulta fundamental hacer los estudios de rutina. A cada persona que concurra se le asignará un médico oftalmólogo con el que tendrá una entrevista personal, a aquellos pacientes a los que se les diagnostique cataratas serán examinados bajo dilatación pupilar ese mismo día y luego se obtendrán turnos complementarios para ver el avance de su situación”, comentó Contartese.

“Una vez que se acerque a la campaña se evaluará la agudeza visual que presente el paciente con cada ojo de forma separada y se tendrá en cuenta el potencial visual de cada uno mediante la prueba del agujero estenopeico”, agregaron.

También se realizará la evaluación de la retina para descartar que no se presente ningún tipo de lesión que requiera un tratamiento concomitante, precisó.

En el caso de estar indicada la cirugía, el Clínicas cuenta con quirófanos dedicados exclusivamente a oftalmología, microscopios quirúrgicos y equipos de facoemulsificación (técnica quirúrgica especial para el tratamiento de la Catarata) de última generación.

Los médicos de la División de Oftalmología se encuentran entrenados adecuadamente en la técnica quirúrgica, ya que se realizan varias decenas de cirugías por semana.

“Es una cirugía ambulatoria, por lo que el paciente llega y a las horas ya está de nuevo en su casa. La cirugía se hace en dos momentos, ya que se opera primero un ojo y en las siguientes semanas el otro”, explicó la profesional.

La campaña es abierta a la comunidad con especial énfasis en las personas mayores de 60 años y se desarrollará los días 7, 8 y 9 de septiembre en el hall de entrepiso del acceso por la calle Paraguay de 8 a 12 horas.

31 thoughts on “Estudios gratuitos para la detección de cataratas

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